Gaya was passed on to Britishers after the battle of Buxar in 1764. Gaya, along with other parts of the country, won freedom in the year 1947. Gaya formed a part of the district of Behar and Ramgarh till 1864. It was given the status of independent district in 1865. Aurangabad and Nawada Districts were carved out of original Gaya in the year 1976
Subsequently, in May 1981, Magadh Division was created by the Bihar State Government with the districts of Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad and Jehanabad. All these districts were at the level of sub-division when the Gaya district was created in 1865.